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Most humans will experience low back pain (LBP) at some point in their life. Despite the prevalence of LBP, there remains significant misinformation surrounding why it occurs. In this guide we will bring clarity to the discussion based on current research evidence, while outlining a path forward for management.

Table of Contents:
Part 1 – Introduction to Low Back Pain

  • What is low back pain?
  • What is the meaning of low back pain?
  • Updating Our Model
  • Does low back pain follow a natural history?
  • What contributes to low back pain?

Part 2 – Low Back Pain in Healthcare

  • Are there costs to unnecessary imaging?
  • What are normal vs pathological lumbar imaging findings?
  • Lumbar disc herniations
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Modic changes
  • Facet joint osteoarthritis
  • Sacroiliac joint osteoarthritis
  • Spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis
  • Scoliosis
  • Muscles

Part 3 – Being A Guide

  • Overview of 5-step approach for helping individuals dealing with low back pain
  • Education
  • Decreasing fear avoidance / kinesiophobia
  • Minimizing catastrophizing
  • Teaching self-efficacy
  • Advocating for goal-directed activity
  • When to seek healthcare consultation
  • References

The Guide to Low Back Pain

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